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CLIMATE CHANGE AND CHILDREN: A human security challenge

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CLIMATE CHANGE AND CHILDREN: A human security challenge

The evidence presented in this review confirms the centrality of children and their unique vulnerabilities to global, national and subnational policies and frameworks on climate change and human security. It also identifies a gap in existing agreements, protocols and policies that have not sufficiently recognized or addressed children’s issues in the past.

The Convention on the Rights of the Child, adopted by the United Nations General Assembly in 1989 and ratified to date by 193 countries, together with ‘AWorld Fit for Children’ (WFFC), protect and preserve the right of every child to a safe, healthy environment in which to develop and grow. The WFFC Declaration, which was a consensus outcome from the UN General Assembly Special Session on Children held in 2002, articulates clearly the commitment of States “to give every assistance to protect children and minimize the impact of natural disasters and environmental degradation on them.” Together with the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs), these international commitments are of the greatest relevance for addressing the myriad threats that climate change raises for the world’s children.

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